Ujung Kulon National Park located in the most western part of the island of Java , Indonesia . This national park area also includes the area of Krakatoa and some neighboring small islands like Pulau Handeuleum and Peucang Island . This park has an area of about 122 956 hectares; (443 km² of which is the sea), which started from the promontory of Ujung Kulon to the Indian Ocean . National Park became the first national park was established in Indonesia, and has also been inaugurated as one of the World Heritage protected by UNESCO in 1991 , because the area of protected forests cover a very broad. Until now approximately 50 to 60 rhinos living in the habitat of this.
At first Ujung Kulon is an agricultural area at some time until finally destroyed and depleted the entire population when Krakatoa erupted on August 27 1883 that eventually convert the region back into the woods . Permission to enter the National Park can be obtained at the National Park Headquarters in the city of Labuan or Tamanjaya . Lodging can be obtained on the island Handeuleum and Peucang. Ujung Kulon National Park along the Krakatau Nature Reserve is a national asset, and has been designated as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991 . To improve the management of Ujung Kulon National Park as a World Natural Heritage Site , UNESCO has provided both financial support and technical assistance. Ba
Ujung Kulon National Park is located in the District of Wells and District Cimanggu, Pandeglang, Banten. Ujung Kulon National Park is a one-horned rhino conservation area. Based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 284 / Kpts-II / 1992 dated February 26th 1992 on the Amendment function Honje Mountain Nature Reserve, Nature Reserve Panaitan Island, Nature Reserve Peucang, and the nature reserve of Ujung Kulon area of 78 619 ha and Appointment waters were an area of 44,337 hectares located in the District Level II Regional Pandeglang , I Dati province of West Java into a national park with the name of Ujung Kulon National Park, the total area of Ujung Kulon National Park is 122 956 ha.
Flora in Ujung Kulon National Park forest formations, where the forest formations are characterized by the dominance of species / species specific. Judging from the type of forest, flora in this area consists of coastal forest , lowland tropical rain forest , tropical rain forest mountains , freshwater swamp forests , mangrove forests and grasslands . Forest formations contain fairly complete diversity of germplasm as well as useful and rare plants species is very high. Some plant species are known rare and found only in the island of Java in Ujung Kulon, among others: Batryohora geniculate, Cleidion spiciflorum, Heritiera percoriacea, and Knema globularia. There are many different types of plants that have been utilized by people both for timber, medicines, ornamental plants and food. The types that have been utilized include bayur (Pterospemum javanicum) and a variety of rattan (Calamus sp.) as a carpentry; eaglewood (Aquilaria malaccensis), Wood cempaka (Michelia campaca) and wood jambe (Areca catechu) as a drug- pharmaceuticals; orchid (Dendrobium sp.) as ornamental plants; tangkil (Gnetum gnemon) and bark (Salacca edulis) as food. Ujung Kulon National Park has a variety of wildlife is both endemic and it is important to be protected. In general, this area is still able to accommodate the proliferation of various wildlife populations. Some important endemic species and is a very rare species in need of protection is Badak Java (Rhinoceros sondaicus), Owa Jawa (Hylobates moloch), Surili (Presbytis aigula) and Coyote (Cuon alpinus javanicus).
Ujung Kulon peninsula today is the most important habitat of Rhino of Java , whose population is estimated that there are 50-60 tail, and is the only place in the world where naturally Javan rhinos capable of breeding in the last decade. The national park is estimated there are about 30 species of mammals , which consists of ungulate mammals such as the rhinoceros , bull , deer , deer , mouse deer , and Boar , mammalian predators like Leopard , Dog Forest , Macan Dahan , Civet and Forest Cats , small mammals like walang Kopo , tando , porcupine , ground squirrel , bats , bintarung , otters , rats , pangolin and jelarang . Among primates , there are two types of endemic , ie Owa and Surili . Another is being kind Primates monkey (Presbytis cristata), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang) and long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) have fairly good population and spread in some areas.
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