Tsunami Museum, located in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, is a museum designed as a symbolic reminder of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami disaster, as well as an educational center and an emergency disaster shelter in case the area is ever hit by a tsunami again.
The Museum building has adopted the traditional raised Aceh House, while at the same time it resembles a ship with its protruding funnel. The architecture of the museum combines Aceh’s traditional house with a shelter on raised ground to serve as evacuation center from an eventual tsunami. The building is decorated with patterns depicting the traditional Saman Dance, an illuminated graphic of the word “Allah” (God), and has an open urban garden.
Tsunami Museum was designed by Indonesian architect Ridwan Kamil. The museum is a 2,500 m2 four-story structure; its long curving walls covered in geometric reliefs. Inside, visitors enter through a dark, narrow corridor between two high walls of water — meant to recreate the noise and panic of the tsunami itself. The museum walls are adorned with images of people performing the Saman dance, a symbolic gesture dedicated to the strength, discipline and religious beliefs of the Acehnese people. From above, the roof resembles a tidal wave. The ground floor is modelled on the kind of traditional raised Acehnese houses that were best equipped to survive the tsunami.
The building acknowledges both the victims, whose names are to be inscribed on the wall of one of the museum’s internal chambers, and the surviving members of the local community. In addition to its role as a memorial for those who died, the museum also offers a place of refuge from future such events, including an “escape hill” for visitors to run to in the event of another tsunami. Exhibitions at the museum include an electronic simulation of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, in addition to photographs of victims and exhibits featuring stories from survivors of the disaster.
Building the museum consists of 2 floors. The 1st floor is an open space area which serves as reminder of the tsunami disaster. There are several sections on the first floor which recall the unfortunate day including pre-tsunami, during the tsunami, and post-tsunami pictures. Several images, remnants, and a diorama are showcased here. Some of the most notable dioramas are fishing boats being hit by the high waves and dashed onto the shore. There is also a picture of the PLTD Apung Ship which was swept up and carried far inland to finally come aground at Punge Blang Cut. The 2nd floor features educational media including a library, simulation rooms, 4D room, and a souvenirs shop. Some of the simulation showcased here are an earthquake resistant building and a model of the earth’s crust. There is also a roomdisplaying tsunami disaster paintings and diorama.
Tsunami Museum was established on the initiative of several parties namely the Aceh-Nias Reconstruction Board, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, the Province of Aceh, the city of Banda Aceh, and the Association of Indonesian Architects.
Sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aceh_Tsunami_Museum