Saman dance nowadays is one of the most famous dance in Aceh. This dance originated from the Gayo Highlands. Saman lyrics use of Arabic poetry and the language of Aceh. In the past, Tari Saman is usually displayed to celebrate the event – a significant milestone in indigenous and people of Aceh. In addition, this dance is usually also displayed to celebrate the birth of the Prophet Muhammad. In fact the name "Saman" is obtained from one of the great scholars of Aceh, Syech Saman.
Saman dance is usually displayed using the accompaniment of musical instruments, a drum and use the sound of the dancers and their applause is usually combined with hitting the chest and groin, and flung them as synchronization body in different directions. This dance is guided by a leader who is typically called Syech. Because of the uniformity of formation and punctuality is a must in these dances, the dancers are required to have a high concentration and a serious exercise in order to appear perfectly. This dance is performed in groups, singing by sitting on his knees and berbanjar / bersaf without musical accompaniment.
Because of dynamic motion, this dance a lot carried out / danced by men, but now the development of this dance has been danced by many female dancers as well as a mixture between male dancers and female dancers. This dance is danced about 10 people, with details of 8 dancers and 2 as cue givers while singing.