The first climber who was recorded had conquered Jaya Peak was the team of the expedition that was led by Heinrich Harrer during 1962. Heinrich Harrer was a skilled climber and the veteran writer. His book that was famous, Seven Years in Tibet, was the roaming true story and his friendship in Himalaya Mountains, Tibet. Before Harrer, actually has many of the other climbers who tried to carry out the climb, but to never there are those that was successful. After Heinrich Harrer, followed the expedition from Indonesia succeeded in reaching the peak. The expedition that was led by Letnal Colonel Azwar Hamid from Directorate Topografi of this Army was successful reached Jaya Peak during 1964.
Jayawijaya Mountain was known as one of the seven highest peaks of the world (seven summit). Therefore, climbed the peak be as high as 4.884 meters was the goal of the true climbers, moreover the climb to Jaya Peak was the subjugation against the mountain that was covered snow. Various barriers that were served in the climb, as the condition for steep nature, the very cold temperature, the strong wind and rain, as well as the insignificance of oxygen in the area of the height were the challenge that must be conquered by the climbers.
Jayawijaya peak was one of the peaks of the snow-covered mountain available in crossing of the equator, apart from mountains in Africa and Latin America. If being seen from air, Jayawijaya Peak visible likes the black carpet that was covered by the white shade. If the sun was clear, then this snow carpet will reflect the sunlight that dazzled. The content of ice in these mountains it was estimated reached 5 percent of the reserve of world ice that was outside the Antarctica Continent. However resulting from global warming, this number from the year to the year increasingly shrank. If being seen from the type of his glacier, according to website http://aapgscundip.wordpress.com the snow-covered region in Jayawijaya entered the Alpine Glaciation type. Now the glacier (the current snow) in this territory entered the Valley Glacier type, that is the glacier current that flowed from the high place towards the lower area. Therefore, in this area was enabled to be gotten the glacier current.
Only did not enjoy the attraction of snow-covered nature in the tropical area, in these mountains tourists could also witness directly geological proof concerning the history of the formation of Jayawijaya mountains. Geological researches found proof empiric that these mountains originally were the seabeds that in. A geologist was named Fransiskus Benediktus Widodo Margotomo (in http://www.e-samarinda.com) mentioned that the formation of the Papua Island with his peak in Jayawijaya happened around 60 million years ago. This island was formed from the sediment stone that was lifted resulting from pounded the slab of Indo-Pacific and Indo-Australia in the seabed, so as to result in the seabed being lifted changed into a big island. These proof could be seen from the fossil of sea animals that was left in the Jayawijaya mountainous stone. Therefore, apart from becoming heaven for the climbers, this region also was heaven for the geological research.
If you were interested in exploring Jayawijaya Mountains, of course the main matter that must be prepared was physical readiness, supplies, and the logistics. The routine exercise in the area with the quite cold temperature was some ray that was quite effective to avoid the threat hipotermia (hypothermia), that is the body heat loss because was in the area that temperature very cold. Besides this, the aspect of permission must be also prepared far the day before the implementation of the climb. Because, apart from because of the track that was heavy, the Papua region was often ravaged the disturbance, the war between the ethnics I, as well as the disturbance of the other security. The permission difficulty to climb “Top of Indonesia” this often showed the expression: ”more difficult to arrange his permission than climbing the mountain”.
Considering the difficult climb tracking area, the process of complicated permission, as well as the security guarantee when the process of the climb, better the climbers made use of the experienced service of the trip agency. Various trip agencies that had the international reputation provided two choices of the climb route, that is the classic route went through the Ilaga Village, or the second route that was more comfortable by getting a lift in the helicopter headed base camp the Bukit Danau (the Valley Lake).
This service of the trip agency usually handles also the problem of permission, the transport from Jakarta headed Papua, rental of the helicopter headed base camp, the climb guide, the insurance, as well as the exercise and condition of the team before the climb. Of course, the cost per the person for one team of the climb by using the service of the trip agency needed the quite big cost, that is approximately 10,000 USD per the person (or around one hundred million rupiah more).