Thomas Matulessy (8 June 1783 – 16 December 1817), also known as Kapitan Pattimura or simply Pattimura, was an Ambonese soldier and National Hero of Indonesia.

Born on the island of Saparua, Pattimura joined the British army after they took the Maluku islands from the Dutch colonials. When the islands were returned to the Dutch in 1816, he was dismissed. Concerned that the Dutch would implement programs that limited his people, Pattimura led an armed rebellion that captured Fort Duurstede on 16 May 1817. Killing the inhabitants of the fortress and fighting off Dutch reinforcements, on 29 May he was declared the leader of the Maluku people. After being betrayed by the King of Booi Pati Akoon, he was captured by Dutch forces on 11 November and hanged the next month. Pattimura has become a symbol of both Maluku and Indonesian independence, praised by President Sukarno and declared a national hero by President Suharto. He has several namesakes both in the capital of Maluku, Ambon, and in the rest of the Indonesian archipelago.

 This monument had built to memorize the National Hero named Thomas Matulessy or known as Pattimura. Pattimura against the colonized with big spirit and succeed authorized the Duurstede Fortress in Saparua Island. The monument has built on the place where he and his follower were got hang on judgment.

Once standing in the very centre of Kota Ambon right next to the open field in front of the governor’s office, this criminally ugly statue commemorates Maluku’s best known “freedom fighter” – born on nearby Saparua island as Thomas Matulessy. Indonesia has plenty of ugly statues and monuments, but this one manages to outdo most – the main reason to have a look. By early 2008, the local government has sponsored a new, much more decent statue of the hero, standing in pretty much the same location. The monster  has been moved to a less prominent location on the grounds of the Siwalima Museum.

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