Taman Nasional Bukit Tiga Puluh (TNBT) is a national park located on the border between the province of Riau and Jambi. Judging from the type, TNBT is lowland tropical forest areas with native ecosystems remaining on the island of Sumatra. Initially, TNBT area is a protected forest and limited production forest. Nevertheless, forest conditions and the relative wealth of flora and fauna still intact. Thirty Hill National Park (BTNP) has an area of about 144 223 hectares, the area of tropical forest ecosystems lowland (lowland tropical rain forest), this region is a transition region between swamp forests and montane forests with a unique ecosystem and different when compared with the region parks other national parks in Indonesia.
TNBT regarded as a region that has a diversity of flora and fauna which is the highest on the island of Sumatra. With such potential, MoF (Departemen Kehutanan RI) set the national park as a conservation area for flora and fauna. In addition, BTNP also serves as a controller for the hydrology Watershed (DAS) Indragiri River and BatangHari. Thirty Hill is a stretch of hills that separate from the Bukit Barisan mountain range and borders the province of Jambi, this area is a water catchment area so as to form several small rivers which is also the headwaters of major rivers in the surrounding area. The type of species of fauna which are and can be found in the Park Hill Thirty were:
1. Sumatra Tiger
2. Honey Bear
5. Clever Individual
6. Wild Boar
8. Kuaw, and a variety of other wildlife species
While some types of rare flora and suspected endemic in the region is Fungus Face Rimau (Rafflesia Haseltii). Besides this place is also the habitat of various rare species of flora and fauna are protected, as well as a region TNBT life and settled several communities of indigenous tribes such as Talang Mamak, Child Rimba, and Old Malay. Moreover, in this national park there are also trees nibung (oncosperma tigilarium), a type of wild palm, like a nut tree, which specifically pertained palmae tribe. This type of plant habitats are in coastal forests, brackish water, and develop naturally. For the people of Riau, nibung tree has a special meaning, such as a symbol of the spirit of unity and brotherhood Riau community. By the Government of Riau Province, the tree was used as a mascot Riau Province. The life of indigenous tribes in the area BTNP a tourist attraction in it self. Tribes are highly dependent on the forest, so forests for them is an inseparable part of their lives. Judging from the way they interact with the natural, native tribes are very friendly on the forest ecosystem.
In this national park, available facilities and accommodation facilities such as an information center, guest house, public toilets, shelters, places of worship (mosque), food stalls, and others. Moreover, in this national park there are also guides personnel who will help visitors explore further feature of this national park.
Sumber dari : http://www.ragamtempatwisata.com/2013/03/daftar-nama-objek-tempat-wisata-di-propinsi-riau.html
Sumber dari : https://wisatasumatera.wordpress.com/wisata-riau/taman-nasional-bukit-tigapuluh/