National Park Bogani Nani Wartabone

TamanNasionalBoganiNaniWartabone

Formerly known as Dumoga Bone National Park, it was established in 1991 and was renamed in honour of Nani Wartabone, a local resistance fighter who drove the Japanese from Gorontalo during the World War II. The Spectral Tarsier is one of the endangered species inhabiting the park. The park has been identified by Wildlife Conservation Society as the single most important site for the conservation of Sulawesi wildlife, and is home to a large number of species endemic to Sulawesi. The species observed in the park include among others the endangered Anoa and Cinnabar Hawk Owl, which was only described scientifically in 1999 from a specimen collected from the park.

Among the larger animals of the park are babirusas and the Sulawesi warty pig. The park is threatened by uncontrolled logging, poaching and illegal gold mining. Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a protected forest which is turned into National Park. Bogani Nani Wartabone is name of a hero who came from Gorontalo province. The name then enshrined as this National Park’s name.

Located in Minahasa Peninsula, Bogani Nani Wartabone has broad approx 287,115 hectares. Bogani Nani Wartabone is included in Wallacea zone, a biogeography zone which is also a convergent zone of Australia and Asia zone. Hence, there are many unique characteristic of flora and fauna, as well as the ecosystem in this park. As protected forest, Bogani Nani Wartabone has rich biological diversity. It is also a habitat for various flora and fauna. Most of them are endemic species of Sulawesi Island. Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a habitat for several animals, such as mammals (24 species), poultry (125 species), reptile (11 species), amphibi (2 species), butterfly (38 species), beetle (200 species), and fish (19 species). In this park, you can find some endemic animals that are protected due to extinction threat. Those are Maleo bird (Macrochepalon maleo), Yaki monkey (Macaca Heckl), Bone bat (Bonea bidens), small kuskus (Phalanger Celebensis), and bear kuskus (Phalanger Urnisus). Maleo bird and Bone bat are this national park’s mascot animal. For sure, in Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park you will able to see the dense of tropical rainforest of Sulawesi. In the shady forest, you can find various kinds of plants, such as trees (400 species), high plant (241 species), fern plant (120 species), moss (100 species), and orchid (90 species). Rare Endemic plant you will find here can be found here also, such as Matayangan palm (Pholidocarpus ihur), iron wood (Intsia spp.), black wood (Diospyros celebica), yellow wood (Arcangelisia flava), and carrion flower (Amorphophallus companulatus).

The beauty of this national park won’t make you bored, because in this park area, you will also able to visit some wonderful tour objects. Of course, these places are nature tour object, because it surrounded by the shady forest of the national park. Besides the amazing view, you can enjoy the fresh and pure air.

Sumber dari : https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Bogani_Nani_Wartabone_National_Park
Sumber dari : http://en.gocelebes.com/bogani-nani-wartabone-great-forest/

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