Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Sumatra island of Indonesia. It has a total area of 13,791 km2, and spans four provinces: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS) is a natural conservation area. This one and half million hectare area is located in four provinces; West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. In West Sumatra, it covers some 260,000 hectares and is located in Pesisir Selatan and Solok districts.
The park area includes a large part of the Barisan mountain range which form the western spine of Sumatra island and includes the highest peak in Sumatra, Mount Kerinci (3,805 m), one of more than five active volcanoes in the national park. This mainly montane park includes hot springs, rivers with rapids, caves, scenic waterfalls and the highest caldera lake in Southeast Asia – Lake Gunung Tujuhwhile the Great Sumatra Fault runs through the national park making the area of great interest to geologists.
The national park was declared in 1982, formed from numerous watershed protection forests or hutan lindung and small nature reserves although its borders were only legally confirmed in the late 1990s.
Together with Bukit Barisan Selatan and Gunung Leuser national parks it forms a World Heritage Site, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. Kerinci Seblat National Park is also recognised as an ASEAN Heritage Site. Types of flora protected in TNKS include Kantung Semar (Nephents Ampularia), orchids, and tropical trees among others. Types of fauna protected include Sumatran Tigers, bears, deer, various primates and birds among others.
Types of endemic primates protected in TNKS include Simpai, Ungkou, Siamang (Symphanlangus Syndactylus), monkeys, and long tail monkeys among others. Types of birds protected include Rangkong, Tohtor and Kuau birds and eagles among others. Most of these fauna are endangered species.
TNKS is a special tourist destination. Meaning, TNKS is the right place for nature lovers who love to trek across thick forest. Trekking must be accompanied by rangers assigned to each resort station. If you like to stay overnight, visitors can also be accompanied by at least one local inhabitant assigned to carry tents and cooking tools. TNKS is a difficult area due to its nearly 90 degree slopes, mud and small rivers with stones.
TNKS area in Lumpo Resort has a waterfall called Air Terjun Lumpo which consists of three levels with the highest level of about 80 meters high. From Limau Gadang village border, it will take four to five hours to travel 7 kilometers to the waterfall. Bukit Bontak and Mount Kerinci are located in Solok Selatan. Besides trekking, this protected forest area can also be used for camping.
Sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerinci_Seblat_National_Park