Jaipong dance

For example in the Tilu Beat dance that is known by the Sundanese community, it was estimated this art popular around 1916. As art shows the people, this art is only supported by simple elements, like waditra that covered the rebab, kendang, two kulanter, three bang beats goong. Likewise with the movements of the dance that do not have pattern of the standard movement the dancer’s costume is simple as the populist reflection.

Together with the fading or such artistic performance, former pamogorar (the spectator who played an active role in art of Beat of Tilu/Doper/Tayub), changed his attention in art performance of Kiliningan, that in the area of the North West Javanese Coast (Karawang, Purwakarta, Bekasi, Indramayu and Subang) is known with the Kiliningar term, Bajidoran which its ibing movement and the incident of the show has the resemblance with the previous art (Ketuk Tilu/Doger/Tayub). The existence of Topeng Banjet is enjoyable enough, especially in Karawang, where several movement pattern of Bajidoran are taken from Topeng dance. This Banjet, choreographically still shows the pattern of tradition (Ketuk Tilu) where exists opening movements, pencugan, nibakeun and several variation of minced movements which in turn becomes the base of jaipongan dance creation.

Several basic movements of Jaipongan dance beside Ketuk Tilu, Ibing Bajidor and Topeng Banjet are Tayuban and Pencak Silat. The emergence of dance created by Gugum Gumbira was at first called Ketuk Tilu as the development came from Ketuk Tilu. The first work of Gugum Gumbira is still strong of the color of ibing Ketuk Tilu, both choreographically as well as the harmony which later become popular with Jaipongan.

The next development of the Jaipongan happened in the year 1980-1990s, where Gugum Gumbira created other dance like Toka-toka, Setra the Main Point, Sonteng, Pencug, Kuntul Mangut, Iring-iring Daun Puring, Rawayan and the Dance of Kawung Anten. From such dances emerge several Jaipongan dancers who were competent including Iceu Effendi, Yumiati Mandiri, Miming Mintarsih, Nani, Erna, Mira Tejaningrum, Ine Dinar, Ega, Nuni, Cepi, Agah, Aa Suryabrata and Asep Safaat. Today the Jaipongan Dance might be acknowledged as one of the identities of West Javanese art, this is visible through several important events that in connection with the guest from foreign country that comes to West Java, then it is welcomed by Jaipongan Dance.

Likewise with artistic missions to foreign countries always have been supplemented with the Jaipongan Dance. The Jaipongan dance often influencs other arts available in the West Javanese community, either in the puppet performance art, degung, genjring/terebangan, kacapi jaipong and almost all public performances as well as modern dangdut music are collaborated with Jaipong to become the art of Pong-Dut.

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