Gamalama Volcano


Gamalama is a near-conical stratovolcano that comprises the entire Ternate island in Indonesia. The island lies off the western shore of Halmahera island in the north of the Maluku Islands. For centuries, Ternate was a center of Portuguese and Dutch forts for spice trade, which have accounted for thorough reports of Gamalama’s volcanic activities. An eruption in 1775 caused the deaths of approx 1300 people. On December 4, 2011 Mount Gamalama erupted, ejecting material up to 2,000 meters into the air. Thousands of residents in nearby Ternate City fled due to ash and dust particles raining down on the town.

Finally on December 27 some 4 people died and dozens injured from debris falls (lahar) after a month of activity. More eruptions occurred in September 2012. An eruption on December 18, 2014, deposited five centimeters of ash on the runway of Babullah Airport in Ternate, closing the airport.

Intermittent ash emissions continue from the volcano. As it is unknown whether the eruption will dwindle down or increase, an exclusion zone of 2.5 km radius around the summit is in place.
All persons that had been missing immediately after the eruption have been found, fortunately there were no victims, only 4 injured (by falling during escape).
Ash fall has been causing small problems in Ternate where over 45,000 dust masks were distributed. The airport is still closed.

Mount Gamalama in North Maluku province of Indonesia erupted at 13:41 UTC on Thursday, December 18, 2014, sending ash and rocks 2 km into the sky and forcing the authorities to close an airport and issue warnings to planes. Nine people were injured while running to escape the eruption.

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