Fort Tolukko

BentengTolukko

Fort Tolukko is a small fortification located by the sea on the east coast of Ternate facing Halmahera. It was one of the colonial forts built to control the trade in clove spices, which prior to the eighteenth century were only found in the Maluku Islands. Sources variously ascribe its original builders as Portuguese, Dutch, and Spanish. The most convincing claim is from the Spanish, original documents indicating that the Governor of the Spanish Philippines, Captain-General Juan de Silva dispatched an expeditionary force in 1611 under Captain Fernando de Ayala to construct the fort. With the Dutch fortress of Fort Oranye lying between Fort Tolukko and the main Spanish fortress of Kastella, the Spanish – who named the fort San Juan de Toloco – found it difficult to maintain Fort Tolukko, and it was abandoned by 1613. The Dutch subsequently took control of the fort, named it Fort Hollandia, but later handed it to Ternate’s Sultan for use as a fortified royal residence.

Fort Tolukko’s unusual phallic layout is more likely a function of the immediate topography than anything else. Its primary function was to dominate a rare coral reef-free landing point directly in front of the fort. Fort Tolukko, located in the village of Dufa Dufa on the edge of Ternate City was renovated in the early 1990s and is open to the public.

The smallest and cutest of the town forts, little Benteng Tolukko was the first Portuguese stronghold on Ternate (1512). It has beautifully manicured floral gardens and attractive sea views; stroll among the turrets for a sweeping panorama. If it’s locked, knock on the door of the family home next door. They will have the key. Ternate is the city of North Maluku is well-known as the historical heritage city. One of the historical attraction is Fort Tolukko. The fort formerly known as Tolukko and then more popular as Hollandia fort was built on 1540 by Fransisco Serao, a captain of Portuguese. Fort Tolukko is on the north of Ternate, fascinating to the Tidore island and mount Gamalama background. This fort is in support of Portuguese efforts to monopolise the lucrative clove trade and to entrench their dominance over the European powers. It was restored by the Dutch in 1610 who became the dominant power in Maluku.

Sumber dari : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Tolukko
Sumber dari : http://www.lonelyplanet.com/indonesia/maluku-moluccas/kota-ternate/sights/military/benteng-tolukko
Sumber dari : http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/forum/showthread.php?48695-Fort-Tolukko-in-the-North-of-Ternate

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