Fort Rotterdam is a fort built in Makassar on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. It was captured by the Dutch in 1667 and became a center of Dutch colonial power in Sulawesi. Following the Java War (1825–1830), Javanese prince, and now national hero, Diponegoro was imprisoned in the fort following his exile to Makassar in 1830 until his death in 1855. It was also used as a Japanese prisoner of war camp in World War II. There are several modest museum exhibitions in various rooms in the Fort. Various local publications about South Sulawesi may also be purchased from a bookstore at the Fort.
Fort Rotterdam is one of the main attractions in South Sulawesi. The fort is so big that it takes a long time to walk around all the fort. The fort lies in Makassar, making it easier for you to reach it. The fort was built is 1545 by the 9th king of Gowa, I Manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakung Tumapa’risi’ Kallona. At first, the building material of the fort is clay, but in the reign of the 14th king of Gowa, Sultan Alauddin, the material had been replaced by karst derived from Maros. Visiting the fort will give you a great experience as you can learn many things from the fort. You can see how this fort was meaningful for the people of Gowa at that time.
Fort Rotterdam or sometimes called Benteng Ujung Pandang by Indonesian was a heritage from the kingdom of Gowa Tallo. The fort lies right in the middle of Makassar City. Thus, the fort is easily accessed. When you arrive at South Sulawesi in the airport of Makassar, you can directly go to the fort by taxi. There are many public transportation from many cities to Makassar. Hence, you don’t have to worry about the transportation if you have a plan to visit the fort. When you arrive at the fort, you will see a huge fort. You may wonder how the people of Gowa built such a huge fort. The walls of the fort is about 5 meters with the wide of the wall around 2 meters. You can imagine how huge it is. This is one of the most modern buildings in Gowa derived from ancient time.
Visiting Fort Rotterdam means that you will have many historical tourism activities. You can learn about the history of the fort, the usage of the fort, the public figures of heroes of old time involved in the fort and many more historical things you can learn. You can walk around the fort, and try to imagine the old times when the fort is used for defence. One of the most popular objects of this fort is the room used to captivate Prince Diponegoro when he was exiled by Neatherland. Prince Diponegoro was the leader of Diponegoro War in 1825-1930. The war was over when Prince Diponegoro was captured by Neatherland. He was trapped by the Neatherland when he took part in a peace conference. He was captured and the exiled to Manado and then mover to this fort in 1834.
Sumber : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Rotterdam