Bogor Botanic Gardens, West Java – Indonesia

In 1811, during Napoleon war in Europe, Indonesia known as Nederlandsch Indie was taken by the British from the Dutch power. In 1815/ 1816, after the fall of Napoleon, European leaders agreed upon power division. In 1816, the British government returns its sovereignty to the Dutch. Wars in Europe led to the decline of the Dutch kingdom. The Dutch started to reestablish their science followed by the appointment of C. Th. Elout, A. A Boykens and G.A.G.P. Baron v.d. Capellen to Indonesia together with Dr. Casper George Carl Reinwardt as councilor.

On April 15th 1817, Reinwardt conveyed his idea to v.d. Capellen, the Nederlandsch Indie’s General Commissary about establishing a botanical garden, and later it was accomplished. The garden was built next to the palace of the general governor in Bogor on May 18th 1817. This was a milestone for the Dutch record in science, particularly for the field of botany in Indonesia.

In 1949, S’ lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg was renamed as Jawatan Penyelidikan Alam and was further renamed into Lembaga Pusat Penyelidikan Alam (LPPA) that was managed by an Indonesian national, prof. Ir. Kusnoto Setyodiwiryo. At that time, there were six bodies, i.e.: Bibliotheca Bogoriensis, Herbarium Bogoriensis, Treub Laboratorium, Musium Zoologicum Bogoriensis and Oceanic Laboratorium. For the first time in its history, the botanical garden or Hortus Botanicus Bogoriensis was led by an Indonesian, Mr. Sudjana Kasan replacing J. Douglas in 1956. In order to match the collection with its original microhabitat, Bogor Botanical Gardens established several branches, including:

Cibodas Botanical Gardens (Bergtuin te Cibodas, Hortus and Laboratorium Cibodas) in West Java, 120 ha on 14000 m of altitude, established by Teysman in 1866, for species adapted to alpine range and humid tropics and sub-tropics. In 1891 this garden was equipped with flora and fauna laboratories.

Purwodadi Botanical Gardens (Hortus Purwodadi) in East Java, established by van Slooten in 1941, 85 ha on 250 m of altitude, for species adapted to low altitude, and tropical dry climate

“Eka Karya” Bedugul- Bali Botanical Gardens, established in 1959 by Prof. Ir. Kusnoto Setyodiwiryo, 159.4 ha on 1400 m altitude, for species adapted to dry alpine range.

Main Responsibilities and Functions

Main Responsibilities

Formulation of policy, guidelines, technical supervision, planning and program development, research on tropical plants ex-situ conservation as well as evaluation and reporting
Functions

Preparation of policy formulation for tropical plants ex-situ conservation.
Development of guidelines, mentoring, and technical supervision for tropical.
Development of plans and programmes and research on tropical plants ex-situ conservation
Monitoring of research on tropical plants ex-situ conservation.
Service of science and technology on tropical plants ex-situ conservation.
Evaluation and reporting on tropical plants ex-situ conservation research.

Main Responsibilities of Divisions

1. Ex-situ Conservation
Main Responsibilities

To develop plans of ex-situ conservation division, to distribute and to coordinate functions of collection maintenance, registration, selection and nursery and rare plants reintroduction sub-divisions.
Functions
To develop plans/ programmes of the division based on the respective responsibility, function, and direction.
To distribute the job proportionally and accordingly.
To coordinate inter-activities among sub-divisions.
To supervise, monitor, check, assess, and evaluate the execution of duties of each section.
To provide advice and consideration about ex-situ conservation.
To run other assignment and order accordingly.
Reporting

2. Administration
Main Responsibilities

To develop plans for administration, to distribute, and to coordinate administration activities, including service and information, human resource affairs, finance, procurement, and domestic affairs at the 
Bogor Botanic Garden.
Fungsi
To develop plans/ programmes of the divison based on its responsibilities, functions, and direction.
To distribute the job proportionally and accordingly.
To coordinate inter-activities among sub-divisions.
To supervise, monitor, check, assess, and evaluate the executionof duties of sub-division
To provide advice and/ or consideration about ex-situ consideration.
To run other assignments or direct order from the ordinate and reporting.

 

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