Buton fortress palace in the town of Bau Bau, Southeast Sulawesi, a fortress of the world’s most unique. Buton Sultanate’s heritage fort as a fortress of the world’s most unique because of fortress construction with a height of 1.5 meters to 2 meters is only composed of volcanic rocks using adhesive dough limestone mixed with liquid egg white. Worldwide, there is no fortress with such construction. In general, the fort was built using a mixture of sand and cement as adhesive. In addition, there are building mosques in the fortress which the construction of mosque such as fortress construction. In front of the mosque, there are 33 meters tall flagpole. Uniquely, the flagpole that was roughly 400-year-old was not weathered by rain and not cracked by the heat of the sun.
According to historical records Sultanate of Buton, Buton Palace mosque built in the early 16 th century AD. A few years later, built flagpole. Flagpole which is still standing strong in front of the Mosque of Sultan Buton, the wood comes from Patani, Thailand. Wood from the flag pole, actually always carry merchants from Patani on every sail to Buton in preparation for a replacement if there is a broken boat parts. Then the wood was asked Sultan Buton, to be used as a flag pole. Another uniqueness of the Buton Fortress Palace, namely the 12 door of the castle. By Buton society, the door as much as it is identified with the number of holes in the human body. In the human body there are 12 holes, two eye holes, two nostrils, two ears, one anus, a mouth hole, one urine hole, one sperm channel, one central hole, and sweat holes (pores). Exit hole of sperm in the human body, analogous to the secret door of the kingdom, namely the exit door of the royal family if there is a danger that threatens the kingdom.
From the peripheries of the fortress you can enjoy the fascinating scenery on the town of Bau-Bau and watch ships enter and leave the Buton Strait. The fort’s location on top of a high hill truly makes this a vantage point to enjoy the magnificent surroundings of Buton. Inside the fortress you can see interesting objects such as old steel cannons that were once used by the military forces of the Buton Sultanate. The gates of the fortress, called lawa, connect the palace with surrounding villages. The 12 gates are said to represent the total number of orifices in the human body. Each of the gate has its specific name which is attributed to the person guarding it. Therfore, the names of the 12 gates are: lawana rakia, lawana lanto, lawana labunta, lawana kampebuni, lawana waborobo, lawana dete, lawana kalau, lawana wajo (bariya), lawana burukene (tanailandu), lawana melai (baau), lawana lantongau, and lawana gundu-gundu. The other special feature of the fortress is the baluara or cannon emplacements. Of the 16 Baluara, two have a storage area or locally called ‘godo’ which is used as arsenal to store gun powder and other firearms. Just as the Lawa, the Baluara also have their own specific names which are: baluarana gama, baluarana litao, baluarana barangkatopa, baluarana wandailolo, baluarana baluwu, baluarana dete, baluarana kalau, baluarana godona oba, baluarana wajo/bariya, baluarana tanailandu, baluarana melai/baau, baluarana godona batu, baluarana lantongau, baluarana gundu-gundu, baluarana siompu and baluarana rakia.
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