Merdeka Palace (English: Freedom Palace, Indonesian: Istana Merdeka, Dutch: Paleis Koningsplein), is a palace in Central Jakarta, Indonesia, and used as the official palace of the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The palace located directy in front of Merdeka square and Indonesian National Monument. The palace served as residency for the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies during the colonial era and up to the first president of Indonesia. In 1949 the palace was renamed to Merdeka Palace, "merdeka" is Indonesian word for "freedom". Merdeka Palace together with Negara Palace, along with a few structures in the complex, such as Wisma Negara, State Secretariat, and Bina Graha make up the State Palace complex; the center of Indonesian executive authority.
The building today known as Istana Negara (State Palace) originally built as the residence for a Dutch businessman, J. A. van Braam. Rijswijk and Molenvliet (presently known as Harmoni), the location chosen as the time was the most exclusive neighborhood in Weltevreden area, the New Batavia. During its early years, only the State Palace stood in this complex. The State Palace was built in 1796 facing north toward Ciliwung river bank, during the era of Pieter Gerardus van Overstraten as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, and completed in 1804.
In 1820, this mansion was rented and then sold to the Dutch Colonial Government in 1821. The government used this building as the center of all administration and as the official residence of the Governor-General during a stay in Batavia, in occasion of events such as the Indies Council Meeting held every Wednesday. The Governor-Generals preferred to live in Bogor Palace (Paleis te Buitenzorg) in Bogor (Buitenzorg), due to the cooler and more adaptable temperatures in the hillsides of Bogor.