January 2011

Merdeka Palace

merdeka-palace.jpgMerdeka Palace (English: Freedom Palace, Indonesian: Istana Merdeka, Dutch: Paleis Koningsplein), is a palace in Central Jakarta, Indonesia, and used as the official palace of the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The palace located directy in front of Merdeka square and Indonesian National Monument. The palace served as residency for the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies during the colonial era and up to the first president of Indonesia. In 1949 the palace was renamed to Merdeka Palace, "merdeka" is Indonesian word for "freedom". Merdeka Palace together with Negara Palace, along with a few structures in the complex, such as Wisma Negara, State Secretariat, and Bina Graha make up the State Palace complex; the center of Indonesian executive authority.

Negara Palace
The building today known as Istana Negara (State Palace) originally built as the residence for a Dutch businessman, J. A. van Braam. Rijswijk and Molenvliet (presently known as Harmoni), the location chosen as the time was the most exclusive neighborhood in Weltevreden area, the New Batavia. During its early years, only the State Palace stood in this complex. The State Palace was built in 1796 facing north toward Ciliwung river bank, during the era of Pieter Gerardus van Overstraten as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, and completed in 1804.

In 1820, this mansion was rented and then sold to the Dutch Colonial Government in 1821. The government used this building as the center of all administration and as the official residence of the Governor-General during a stay in Batavia, in occasion of events such as the Indies Council Meeting held every Wednesday. The Governor-Generals preferred to live in Bogor Palace (Paleis te Buitenzorg) in Bogor (Buitenzorg), due to the cooler and more adaptable temperatures in the hillsides of Bogor.

Bengkulu

bengkulu_logo.jpgBengkulu is a city on the west coast of Sumatra island in Indonesia.With a population of 340,000 (2007), the city is capital and largest city of the Bengkulu province. Until the 1970s the city was considered was very remote with no roads, and due to thick forest was only accessible through the coastal shipping.

History
In the seventeenth century, the Lampung region of southern Sumatra was under to the possession of the kingdom of Banten in western Java. It was a major producer of pepper.

In 1682, a troup of the Dutch East India Company attacked Banten. The crown prince, who had headed the government submitted to the Dutch, who recognize him as Sultan. The Dutchman expelled all other Europeans present in Banten. As a result the British withdrew and the British East India Company founded Bengkulu as a commercial establishment (named Bengcoolen) in 1685.

In 1714, the British built Fort Marlborough. However, it was never financially beneficial, because of its remoteness and the difficulty in procuring pepper. Despite these difficulties, the British persisted, maintaining the presence there for 150 years before ceding it to the Dutch as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 to focus attention on Malacca. Like the rest of present-day Indonesia, Bengkulu remained a Dutch colony until after World War II.

During Sukarno’s imprisonment by the Dutch in the 1930s, the future first president of Indonesia lived briefly in Bengkulu. Here he met his wife, Fatmawati, who gave him several children, the most famous being the first female President of Indonesia, Megawati Sukarnoputri.

Gerong

Gerong is the Javanese verb meaning "to sing in a chorus." Penggerong is the proper name of a member of the chorus, but often the word gerong is used to refer to the unison male chorus that sings with the gamelan. The chorus or the… Read More »Gerong

Gambang

gambang.jpgA gambang, properly called a gambang kayu (‘wooden gambang’) is a xylophone-like instrument used among peoples of Indonesia and the southern Philippines in gamelan and kulintang, with wooden bars as opposed to the metallic ones of the more typical metallophones in a gamelan. A largely obsolete instrument, the gambang gangsa, is a similar instrument made with metal bars.

Gambang kayu
The bars of the instrument are made of a dense wood, generally teak. It also found in ironwood (kayu besi). The bars mounted in a deep wooden case that serves as a resonator. Instruments typically have 17-21 keys that are easily removed, and are kept in place by having a hole through which a nail is placed. Generally a full gamelan has two sets, one gambang pelog and the other one gambang slendro.

A pair of long thin mallets (tabuh), made of flexible water buffalo horn tipped with felt, are used to play the instrument. Gambangs are generally played in parallel octaves (gembyang). Occasionally, other styles of playing are employed such as playing kempyung which are playing two notes separated by two keys. Unlike most other gamelan instruments, no dampening is required, as the wood does not ring like the metal keys of other instruments.

The gambang is used in a number of gamelan ensembles. It is most notable in the Balinese gamelan Gambang. In Javanese wayang, it is used by itself to accompany the dalang in certain chants. Within a full gamelan, it stands out somewhat because of the high speed of playing, and contrasting timbre because of its materials and more because it has a wider melodic range than the other instruments.

Natai Lengkuas

It located in Sekoyer riverside, left side to the north side. Orang-utan, Bekantan, and other primate type are also met in this area. Recreation in open nature like hiking that passes the tropical rainforest is very compatible area, while the footpath have been provided.

Kyai Gede Mosque

This mosque located in Kotawaringin stripper, capital of sultanate Kotawaringin. This is very attractive mosque to be visited because it the empire omission of first Islam in Central Kalimantan Province.

Wasur National Park

wasur_national_park.jpgThe Wasur National Park forms part of the largest wetland in Papua province of Indonesia and has been the least disturbed by human activity.The high value of its biodiversity has led to the park being dubbed the "Serengeti of Papua".The vast open wetland, in particular Rawa Biru Lake, attracts a very rich fauna.

Vegetation and fauna
About 70% of the total area of the Park consists of savanna (see Trans Fly savanna and grasslands), while the remaining vegetation is swamp forest, monsoon forest, coastal forest, bamboo forest, grassy plains and large stretches of sago swamp forest. The dominant plants include mangroves, Terminalia, and Melaleuca species.

The park provides habitat for a large variety of up to 358 bird species of which some 80 species are endemic to the island of New Guinea. Fish diversity is also high in the region with some 111 species found in the eco-region and a large number of these are recorded from Wasur.The Park’s wetland provides habitat for various species of lobster and crab as well.

Common fauna species include the Agile Wallaby,Pesquet’s Parrot, Southern Cassowary, Blue Crowned Pigeon, Greater Bird of Paradise, King Bird of Paradise, Red Bird of Paradise, Freshwater Crocodile, and Saltwater Crocodile.

Wasur National Park is the habitat for a number of rare and endemic species. Red-listed species known to be present in viable populations are Southern Crowned Pigeon and New Guinea Harpy Eagle, Dusky Pademelon, Black-necked Stork, Fly River Grassbird and Little Curlew. Three Trans-Fly endemic bird species have been recorded, including the Fly River Grassbird and the Grey-crowned Munia.

Ujung Pandaran

It is located Ujung Pandaran area seashore about 80 km south side Sampit. This beach has beautiful view and draw. Besides for recreation, this tourism object also applicable as sport arena such as; Volley, and athletic beach. Besides that, it also available with a traditional… Read More »Ujung Pandaran

Rokatenda

Rokatenda, also known as Paluweh, is a stratovolcano mountain located in Palu’e Island, north of Flores Island, Indonesia. It is the highest region in the island with a height of 875 metres (2,871 ft). The biggest eruption occurred on 4 August – 25 September 1928… Read More »Rokatenda